An Abhidharma text written by Vasubandhu before he converted to Mahanyana Buddhism. The name of the text literally means the strorehouse. Abhidhamma is the Higher Teaching of the Buddha, some- times referred to as the ultimate teaching (paramattha desanà). In it, man is described as a. The Sanskrit term abhidharma seems to derive from the expression “concerning ( abhi) the teaching(s) (Skt., dharma, Pali, dhamma).” For the.

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Scholarly opinion has generally been divided between two alternative interpretations of the kosua abhidharmaboth of which hinge upon the denotation of the prefix abhi. Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Three Phases of Buddhist PhilosophyLondon: The mature Abhidharma thus assimilates the analysis of phenomena-in-time-as-constituted-by-consciousness with a highly complex description of the consciousness process, dissolving the causal relations between ordered successions of consciousness moments into the activity of perception.

Within this context, dharmas are seen as the objects of a specific mental capacity called mental cognitive awareness Skt.


The consciousness types abhidhxrma perform most of the functions that make up the mind-door and the five-sense-door processes fall into the category of resultant cittasthat is, those that are the result of past actively wholesome or unwholesome consciousness. Any koaha consciousness moment—also signified by the very term citta —is thus a unique assemblage of citta and its associated mental factors such as feeling, conceptualization, volition, or attention, to name several of those required in any thought process.

Academic Tools How to cite this entry. The increasingly detailed enumerations of dharmas demonstrate that no essence or independent self could be found in any phenomenon or its constituents, since all aspects of experience are impermanent, arising and passing away subject to numerous causes and conditions.

Even the handful dharmas that are categorized as unconditioned that is, having no cause and no effect are shown to be not-self. Rather, aghidharma represent three phases of a single momentary phenomenon and are defined as one losha consciousness moment: Sbhidharma post-canonical texts are the products of single authors and display fully developed polemical stances and sectarian worldviews of their respective schools.


The nature of the environment and inhabitants of the phenomenal world] Part 1b. Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies Set of 20 Books.

Mental obscurations arise from habitual tendencies and create karma and new latent tendencies. For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy. Restricting the account to the consciousness process of ordinary beings, two types of process are described: The statues arrived yesterday. Hardcover Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Views Abhidharna Edit View history.

Hide koshw email address. The extensive explanation of the nature of karma] Part 1b. Once this pacification has been attained, vipashyana meditation Tib: This chapter also describes how worlds are formed through the elements and the different ways beings can be reborn through birth from a womb, an egg or other channels.

Truly very appreciated, Namaste. Vasubandhu’s student Sthiramati wrote the Tattvartha-tika 6th c. The Abhidharma kohsa thus presented as abhidyarma pure and undiluted form of the teaching that was too difficult for most practitioners of the Buddha’s time to grasp. Before a dhamma eventuates it does not yet obtain an intrinsic nature and when it ceases it is denuded of this intrinsic nature.

This basis will allow us to understand samsara and its origin. This chapter explains the functioning of karma tib: By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. History of “Abhidharma” Note: Their purpose was to provide systematic accounts of the nature and means of valid cognition.

Abhidharma – New World Encyclopedia

The Subtle Mind is called the Manomaya Kosa. They are samsara’s common denominator. Send as free online greeting card. According to this analysis, the specific functions in the consciousness flow occur at particular instants of that continuum, as the normal flow of consciousness involves the mind picking up and putting down sense objects by means of successive sets of associated mental abhidharmma.

This commentary includes an additional chapter in prose refuting the idea of the “person” pudgala favoured by some Buddhists. A-ak Bayes 15th ed. Their claim, then, is that all conditioned dharmas —whether past, present, or future—exist as real entities dravyatas within the span of any given moment. Rhys Davids, famously described the ten chapters of the Yamaka as “ten valleys of dry bones”.


Nevertheless, the very notion of the plurality of dharmas as the building blocks or the final units of analysis of sentient experience signifies a considerable shift in the Buddhist understanding of dharma.

I really like this website! The Abhidharmakosha and the auto-commentary were translated into Chinese, both by Paramartha 6th century and Xuanzang 7th centuryand into Tibetan by Kawa Paltsek and the Indian pandita Jinamitra 8th century.

The Eight Chapters of the Abhidharmakosha

The Abhidharma exegesis, then, occasioned among Buddhist circles doctrinal controversies that could be termed ontological around such issues as what the nature of a dharma is; what, in the internal constitution of a dharmamakes it the very particular it is; the manner of existence of dharmas; the dynamics of their causal interaction; and the nature of the reality they constitute.

These various forms of concentration aim at pacifying kksha mind and reducing the strength of emotional afflictions and suffering. Retrieved from ” http: Abhdharma solution, however, implies that a single event undergoes four phases within a given moment, which inevitably infringes upon its momentariness Cox; von Rospatt52ff. Other Internet Resources Abhidharma translations, information, and lectures: And rest assured that I will soon order more books.

And in seeing these four truths one realizes the ultimate truth— dhamma —about the world. The Nalanda scholar Yasomitra 6th c.

Mind-door processes internalize the information received through the sense faculties and characterize the mind that is absorbed in thought or memory. People who have attained these different states are liberated from samsara. This section contains Tibetan script.